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Luxor West Bank and East Bank - News 2011
What's going on in and around Luxor?*
August 2011

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New Housing Space in the Sahara Desert

The earth's deserts are expanding. This process is called desertification. Especially people in Africa are - along with their homes - under threat to be buried under the sand dunes of the Sahara which are daily moving forward. Architecture student Magnus Larsson has worked out a very innovative solution: By using special bacteria he plans to transform the Sahara sand into sandstone and to build thus a 6,000 km long habitable sandstone wall across the entire African continent. A vision that creates housing space and connects countries. Listen here to Larsson's interesting idea:

Expansion of the Sahara Desert across AfricaSand dunes in Kharga Oasis, Western Desert of Egypt

Holiday of Breaking the Fast - Eid al-Fitr, Egypt

The holiday of Eid Al-Fitr marks the end of the 30-day fasting period of Ramadan after the new moon has been sighted last night - now it's celebration time for 3 days. Eid Al-Fitr is one of the most important Islamic holidayls and comparable with Christian Christmas. People make visits and presents to each other. Sweets were served, almsgiving is paid to the needy. Usually, the common greeting is "Eid Mubarak" (Blessed Feast). This year, however, it's because of the last political events not gladly heard and people prefer to say: "Eid Saeed" (Happy Feast) ;-).

Greeting card for Eid al-FitrHenna decoration, commonly applied during Eid al-FitrFireworks

Ancient Egyptian Hairgel

Apparently hairstyling was a must-do in Ancient Egypt - and not just in the lifetime but also post mortem. Researchers of the KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology, University of Manchester, studied hair samples taken from 18 mummies of both genders, aged between 4 and 56 years, dated back to 3,500 and 2,300 BC. The scientists found that nine of the mummies had a heretofore unknown gel-like substance coating their hair. Chemical analyses of the coating revealed it was made up of fatty acids from both plant and animal origins. The researchers believe that it was used to enhance the appearance of the Ancient Egyptians from all walks of life and accentuate their individuality. (Study published in: Journal of Archaeological Science, doi:10.1016/j.jas.2011.08.004)

Gorgeously styled hair at the reliefs in the tomb of Ramose     Hairstyle of Queen Nodjmet's mummy - Third intermediate period of Egypt, (c) Getty Images

Hatshepsut's Fatal Flacon

It is 3500 years old. Actually it belonged to Queen Hatshepsut. For some time it is owned by the Egyptian Museum of Bonn University in Germany. The researchers there believed that the flacon contained perfume. Inside, they found dried up contents which were under examination at the Pharmaceuticaal Institute of the University for two years. Now it's definite: Ther was no perfume inside but balm to treat a skin complaint. Ingredients: a great quantity of palm oil, nutmeg oil, and: benzo(a)pyrene, one of the most carcinogenic substances!
Actually the researchers planned to recreate Hatshepsute's perfume. For sure they won't. It is known for a long time that Hatshepsut had cancer. This begs the question whether she poisoned herself accidentally for years by using a carcinogenic balm to treat her skin complaint and as a result died of cancer.

Flacon owned by Queen Hatshepsut, (c)Universität BonnX-ray image of Hatshepsut's flacon with dried-up substances, (c)Universität BonnQueen Hatshepsut


Up to 70 Per Cent of British Men Related toTutankhamun?

In 2009, international scientists decoded the DNA of Tutankhamun and kept it secret. Then, in February 2010, Discovery Channel aired a film in which the whole profile of Tut's Y chromosome was shown. After that a clever Swiss DNA genealogy centre reconstructed the DNA profiles of Tutankhamun, his father Akhenaten, and his grandfather Amenhotep III, and compared them with the DNA of Western European men. The result is strange: Up to 70 per cent of British men, half of all Western European men and Tutankhamun trace back to the same forefather who lived 9500 years ago by the Black Sea but among modern-day Egyptians, less than 1 per cent!
The centre contends that it searches for the closest living relatives of "King Tut" and offers you a DNA testing at the price of 129 resp. 399 EUR. (On condition that you are a man as it's not possible to find relatives by X chromosome for more than 3 generations.) And in case you are not related to the pharaoh: Don't worry. Maybe to Genghis Khan or Marie Antoinette or Che Guevara. For that there are tests, too...

Tutankhamun could have looked like that (c)SCA Family tree Double helix

MET Returns 19 Artifacts from Tutankhamun's Tomb, Cairo

The Metropolitan Museum of Art (MET) in New York already decided one year ago to return 19 small-scaled artifacts from Tutankhamun's treasury to Egypt. They were formerly in the private collections of archaeologist Howard Carter, who discovered the tomb and Lord Carnarvon, who sponsored the excavation. The objects have been noted in the tomb records, but didn't appear in any excavation photographs. Now, these objects, which were never meant to have left Egypt, are back and will be displayed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Part of a sphinx-shaped bracelet from Tutankhamun's tombBronze dog, 2cm in length, from Tutankhamun's tombNecklace from Tutankhamun's tomb

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